Last updated: Lesson of the Month - January 2019…
on 01 Jan 2019

About Us

RenalMed is a website written and maintained by a group of senior nephrology (UK and non-UK based) health professionals. All work on a daily basis in nephrology, and enjoy this specialty. It was launched at the conference of the British Renal Society at the Manchester Central Convention Complex on Wednesday 2nd May, 2012. It is non-profit making and has benefited from an educational grant from the Association of Renal Industries (ARI). Dr Matthew Graham-Brown had the orginal idea for the site.

We would welcome your feedback and ideas. The information on this website is the responsibility of the Editor-in-Chief, the Senior Editorial Team and the authors, and not the institutions where they work or study.


The Editorial Team

Prof Sunil Bhandari  (Senior Editor)

Sunil Bhandari (MBChB, MRCP (UK), FRCP (Edin), PhD, M Clin Edu) is a consultant nephrologist at Hull and East Yorkshire Hospitals NHS Trust and an honorary Clinical Professor at the Hull York Medical School (HYMS). He graduated from the University of Edinburgh, trained in Renal and Transplant Medicine in Yorkshire (UK) and Sydney Australia. He has clinical and laboratory interests in the signalling pathways in uraemic cardiomyopathy, including the effects of iron on mitochondrial function and the progression of renal disease. He is lead investigator for several clinical studies, including STOP-ACE and Monofer-3. He has co-authored over 100 papers in peer reviewed journals. In addition to his research he has long-standing interests in medical education serving as director of Clinical Studies (HYMS), co-Director of UK Advanced Nephrology Course and Locality Head of School of Medicine – East Yorkshire and Chair of the MBBS Programme Board and a member on the Specialist Exam Writing Committee.

Dr Colin Geddes (Senior Editor)

Colin Geddes qualified MBChB Edinburgh 1989, MRCP 1992. Trained in nephrology and transplantation in West of Scotland and Toronto. Consultant Nephrologist Glasgow Renal and Transplant Unit since 2000, Honorary Clinical Associate Professor University of Glasgow since 2012 and Lead Nephrologist Glasgow Renal and Transplant Unit since 2014. Research interests include renal transplantation and glomerular diseases and he has published >100 peer reviewed articles. He is also been Deputy Editor of Scottish Medical Journal since 2008.

Dr Andrew Stein (Senior Editor)

Andy Stein (MD FRCP) is a Consultant in Renal and General Medicine at UHCW, Coventry. He is a Clinical Lecturer in Medicine at Warwick Medical School (where he is Undergraduate Lead in Nephrology) and a Clinical Commissioning Director (Secondary Care) for the Coventry and Rugby Clinical Commissioning Group (CCG). His renal training has been in Cardiff, Adelaide (Australia), Leicester, South Thames (London) and Coventry. In March 2014, he was elected to the Executive of the Renal Association. In 2015 he became the Secondary Care Lead for the Coventry and Rubgy GP Alliance. He has published four books, one (Kidney Failure Explained) is on its fifth  edition (he is no longer an author of the book) and has won three BMA book awards. He used to run the successful acute medical website, which was top of Google for over five years His renal interests include predialysis care, diabetic renal disease and supportive care of ESRD.

Dr Peter Topham (Senior Editor)

Peter Topham is a consultant nephrologist in the John Walls Renal Unit in Leicester and an honorary senior lecturer in nephrology in the University of Leicester. He trained in renal medicine in St Thomas' Hospital, London, the John Walls Renal Unit in Leicester, and the Boston University Medical Centre, Boston, USA, and has been a consultant nephrologist in Leicester since 2001. His clinical interests are renal transplantation medicine and glomerular disease/vasculitis. He maintains a research interest in the pathophysiology of proteinuria and is currently investigating sialylation defects in podocytes and their role in proteinuric disease. He is heavily involved in the education and training of future renal physicians and is Training Programme Director for both renal medicine and core medical training in the East Midlands Deanery and also the Royal College of Physicians Regional Advisor-Training for the East Midlands south area. He is also co-editor of the Oxford Desk Reference Nephrology.

Dr Matthew Graham-Brown (Editor)

Matthew Graham-Brown (BSc Hons, MBChB Hons, MRCP) is a Doctoral Research Fellow at the National Centre for Sport and Exercsie Medicine, Univeristy of Loughborough and Specialist Registrar in Renal Medicine at The John Walls Renal Unit, University Hosptials of Leicester. He has an undergraduate degree in Biological Science from The University of Birmingham, and trained in Medicine at The University of Warwick as a post graduate. His current research looks at the effects of a programme of intradialytic exercise on the cardiac structure and function of patients on maintenance haemodialysis, using cardiac MRI. He is interested in interventions to improve cardiovascular outcomes in renal patients and in novel cardiac imaging techniques in patients with renal disease.

Dr Yogita Aggarwal (Editor)


Dr Yogita Aggarwal MBCHB MRCP, PG.Cert Medical Edn. (RCP), MA Medical Law and Ethics (Kings), MA in Cancer and Palliative Care Ethics (Keele). Yogita graduated from the Univeristy of Leicester.  She completed her junior doctor training in and around London with SHO posts at St. George’s Hospital, The Royal Brompton and Addenbrooke’s Hospital before embarking on Speciality Renal Training with The North London Deanery and currently with the West Midlands Deanery. She has worked at the renal units at the Royal Free Hospital and Queen Elizabeth Hospital Birmingham gaining a vast exposure to complex renal medicine. Yogita has an interest in medical law and ethics and has incorporated this into her training by developing a sub specialty interest in end-of-life decision making and renal conservative care.

Dr Elaine Rutherford (Junior Editor) 

Elaine Rutherford is a Clinical Lecturer at the University of Glasgow and Specialist Registrar Renal & GIM in Scotland. She graduated from the University of Aberdeen in 2007 and completed core training there before moving to Dundee and then Glasgow in 2012 to take up a renal training number. From August 2013- 2016 she worked as a clinical research fellow between the Universities of Dundee and Glasgow undertaking a multi-centre clinical trial of allopurinol in dialysis patients with change in left ventricular mass on MRI imaging as the primary outcome. She has recently been appointed to a clinical lecturer post at the University of Glasgow to continue her research alongside completing clinical training. Her main research interests are clinical trials and cardiovascular imaging. Outside of medicine she enjoys chess, triathlon and spending time with family and friends.


Osasuyi Iyasere (Junior Editor)

Osasuyi Iyasere is a specialist registrar in nephrology at the John Walls renal unit, Leicester General Hospital. Until June 2016, he was also a clinical research fellow at th Imperial College renal and transplant centre, Hammersmith hospital where he has been actively involved in the multicentre FEPOD study. His clinical and research interests include the impact of dialysis on cognitive function and patient reported outcomes, particularly in older people. He is a member of the ERBP guideline development group for the management of older patients with advanced CKD and is the author of several peer reviewed publications.

Dr Edwin Wong (Junior Editor)

Edwin Wong is an NIHR academic clinical lecturer in renal medicine. He graduated from University of St. Andrews and University of Manchester before completing his basic medical training in Edinburgh. He returned to his home town, Newcastle upon Tyne, where he worked in the renal complement genetics group under the supervision of Tim Goodship and David Kavanagh. His specialist research interest is in complement-mediated renal disease, in which he completed his PhD as a Medical Research Council Research Fellow in 2016. He has a  strong publication record and has given national and international presentations in membranoproliferative glomerulonephritis, C3 glomerulopathy and atypical haemolytic uraemic syndrome. He was awarded the Renal Association Raine Award for his work in complement-mediated renal disease in 2017.

 Dr Huda Mahmoud  (Junior Editor)

Huda is a renal SpR in the East Midlands and PhD student at the University of Nottingham (Title: Advanced Imaging Techniques in Renal Disease). Huda graduated from Sheffield Medical School in 2006, after completing her foundation and core medical training in the west midlands she commenced nephrology training in the east midlands in 2010. In that time she has participated in teaching of undergraduates (including examining for CP1 exams) and junior doctors including organising the East Midlands PACES course, SIMS training days and IMPACT course. She is local RCP Associate College Tutor and has set up a Medical Registrar breakfast club, CMT mentoring scheme and CMT procedures bleep initiative as part of her role as Associate College Tutor.

Current research projects include REMIND – REnal MIN renal Disease, using multiparametric MR to assess AKI and CKD. Myocardial stunning in Intermittent Haemodialysis for AKI- using 2D speckle tracking to assess the development of regional wall motion abnormalities during IHD for AKI. Assessment of visual acuity across a haemodialysis session – a pilot study investigating the change in visual acuity across a single dialysis session.


Dr Rik Bell (Junior Editor)

Rik Bell studied at Leicester medical school, and completed foundation years training in the East Midlands deanery. He went on to undertake an academic Acute Care Common Stem program with medical education, before taking up a post in renal medicine as a registrar. He has subsequently gained an intensive care number in the East Midlands and is udertaking dual accreditation training in intensive care medicine alongside renal medicine. Hobbies include cycling, running and live music. 


Clare Morlidge (Pharmacy Editor)

Clare Morlidge (BPharm (Hons), DipClinPharm) is a senior renal pharmacist at the Lister Hospital, Stevenage. Clare worked as a renal pharmacist at UHCW in Coventry for a number of years before moving to the Lister. Clare has been involved with the writing of a few books including Kidney Failure Explained with Andy Stein and the Introduction to Renal Pharmaceutics with the Renal Pharmacy Group. She was also on the editorial board for the Renal Pharmacy Group's Renal Drug Handbook 2004 edition. Clare is an active member of the Renal Pharmacy Group. Clare has been assisted by Emma Powell in the presribing section


This website is dedicated to two groups of people: firstly, and most importantly, to the patients whose will to live inspires and strengthens us all on a daily basis; secondly, to the pioneeers of nephrology, who were determined and difficult men and women. They did not accept the answer "It is not possible".


Conflict of Interests

A conflict of interest is declared concerning the Editor-in-Chief and Senior Editors, and the ARI. It is the responsibility of contributors to declare their conflicts of interest, within each article.

Our website does not host any form of advertisement.

Why not Join our Team?

“Knowledge is of two kinds. We know a subject ourselves, or we know where we can find information on it*.”
Would you like to help this mission?

                                                                                                                *Samuel Johnson (1709-1784)